In this video, one can learn Active Passive in just 15 Min. Active Passive with rules and examples:
We hope that you enjoyed learning tenses in one of our previous videos. Similar to that, we have curated a video to teach you Active-PAssive Voice which a common yet useful topic to learn when it comes to learning English Grammar.
Today, in this video you will learn the rules to convert the active voice sentences to passive voice sentences.
Let us learn these rules with the help of examples.
Present Indefinite Sentence
Active Voice Sentence- I play cricket.
Passive Voice Sentence- Cricket will be played by me.
Here, ‘I’ is the subject and in Passive voice it will be converted to the object.
Note- ‘I’ is the subject form and in passive voice we will use the ‘objective’ form of I which is ‘me’ and will be preceded with the word ‘by’.
Cricket in this sentence is the object. However, when we will convert this active voice sentence to passive voice, ‘cricket’ will become the subject of the sentence.
Hence while converting the Active Voice to Passive Voice the subject becomes the object and the object becomes the subject.
Refer to this list to remember what the following subjects will be converted to while making passive voice sentences.
I= me We= us You= you They= them
Boy= boy He= him She= her Ram= Ram
Keep in mind that ‘by’ will be used before them.
While conversion we always use the third form of the permanent verb used in the active voice sentence.
We can see that in active voice in present indefinite sentence there is no helping verb used but when we convert it to passive voice, the helping verb will be used according to the new subject.
Present Continuous Sentence
Active- I am playing cricket.
Passive- Cricket is being played by me.
We use being in the continuous form of the verb.
Rest of the rules are similar to that of present indefinite sentence.
Present Perfect Sentence
Active- I have played cricket.
Passive- Cricket has been played by me.
We use ‘has/have been’ while converting present continuous sentences in active voice to passive voice and rest of the rules are the same.
Past Indefinite Sentence
Active- I played cricket
Passive- Cricket was played by me
was /were will be used in passive voice, though it is not used in past indefinite tense sentences.
Past Continuous Sentence
Active– I was playing cricket.
Passive- Cricket was being played by me.
Note- In continuous sentences ‘was/were being’ is always used
Past Perfect Sentence
Active- I had played cricket.
Passive- Cricket had been played by me.
We will use had been + third form of verb in making passive voice sentences for perfect tense sentences in active voice.
Future Indefinite Sentence
Active– I will play cricket.
Passive– Cricket will be played by me
Will/shall be + third form of verb will be used
Future Continuous Sentence
Passive voice sentences for future continuous sentences are not made.
Future Perfect Sentence
Active- I shall have played cricket.
Passive- Cricket will have been played by me.
will/shall have been + third form of verb will be used in passive voice sentences for future perfect tense in active voice.
Note- Passive Voice sentences are not made for perfect continuous tense sentences be is in present, past or future tense.
It is very important for you to understand tenses before you understand active passive voice. If you haven’t watched our video on tenses please watch it for a better understanding of active passive voice sentences.
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