Participle is a word formed from a verb. Participle वह शब्द है जो क्रिया (Verb) से बनता है।

Participle adjective तथा adverb का काम करता है। Particples are of three kinds –

  1. Present Participle
  2. Past Participle
  3. Perfect Participle

Present Participle

Present participle is often used when we want to express and active action e.g. boiling water.

For example –

  • Look at the playing kid.
  • Hearing the noise, the thief ran away.

Past Participle

Past participle is used when we want to express a passive action. In past participle, 3rd form of verb is used.

For example-

  • A burnt child fears the fire.
  • He had his bicycle washed.

Perfect Participle

Perfect participle is used to form an active sentence with past participle. There is a time gap between the actions. Perfect participle में having के साथ verb की 3rd form आती है।

For example –

  • Having written the letter, he went to bed.
  • Having taken rest, she started working again.