Degree of Comparison

Degrees of comparison are adjectives and they are used to compare nouns. Degrees of comparison are used in three different forms:

  1. Positive Degree
  2. Comparative Degree
  3. Superlative Degree

Positive Degree

It is the base form of adjective. यह degree Adjective के मूल रूप में प्रयोग होती है।

इसका प्रयोग 2 व्यक्तियों या वस्तुओं के गुणों की समानता दिखाता है।  For example –

  • She is as beautiful as flower.
  • Grapes are as sweet as honey.

Note: In Positive Degree – As…as , So….as are used to show the similarity of the qualities of 2 persons or things.

Comparative Degree

इस degree में दो व्यक्तियों या वस्तुओ के गुणों की तुलना होती है। Comparative degree is used to compare differences between 2 objects or persons. For example –

  • Deepika is cleverer than Monika.
  • The pen is mightier than the sword.

After comparative degree than is used. Comparative degree is made by adding r or er to an adjective. For example –

Positive Degree Comparative Degree
Clever Cleverer
Sweet Sweeter
Good Better
Much More

Superlative Degree

Superlative degree is used to describe persons or things at their upper or lower limit of quality. Superlative degree is used in sentences where a subject is compared to group of objects.

Superlative degree adjective में तीन या अधिक व्यक्तियों या वस्तुओ के गुणों की तुलना की जाती है। Superlative degree, adjective में st या est लगाने से बनती है।

Superlative degree से पहले article ‘The’ का प्रयोग होता है।  For example –

  • Mukesh Ambani is the richest man of India.
  • Aishwarya is the most beautiful girl in the world.
    Positive Degree Comparative Degree Superlative Degree
    Clever Cleverer Cleverest
    Sweet Sweeter Sweetest
    Good Better Best
    Much More Most
    Bad Worse Worst
    Little Less Least
    Late Later/Latter Latest/Last
    Fore Foremost First
    In Inner Inmost
    Up Upper Upmost
    Out Outer Utmost
  • कुछ degrees more या most लगाके बनती है
    Positive Degree Comparative Degree Superlative Degree
    Difficult More Difficult Most Difficult
    Useful More Useful Most Useful
    Beautiful More Beautiful Most Beautiful
    Intelligent More Intelligent Most Intelligent

Latin Comparatives

Latin Comparative से पहले न तो More या Less का प्रयोग होता है और ना ही Than का प्रयोग किया जाता है। For example –
Senior, Junior, Prior, Superior, Inferior etc के बाद To का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

  • He is senior to me.
  • Mahesh is not superior to Rahul.

Note: Preferable एक ऐसा adjective है जिसके बाद latin caoparative की तरह to का प्रयोग किया जाता है। For example –

  • Milk is preferable to coffee.